Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)
Registration No. 333-131605

PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT

Number 10

to

Prospectus dated April 4, 2006, Prospectus Supplement dated May 15, 2006, Prospectus Supplement dated August 3, 2006, Prospectus Supplement dated November 3, 2006, Prospectus Supplement dated March 15, 2007, Post-effective Amendment dated May 1, 2007, Prospectus Supplement dated May 9, 2007, Post-effective Amendment dated July 18, 2007, Post-effective Amendment dated July 20, 2007, Post-effective Amendment dated August 3, 2007, Post-effective Amendment dated August 29, 2007, Prospectus Supplement dated November 13, 2007, Post effective Amendment dated April 24, 2008, Prospectus Supplement dated May 8. 2008, and Prospectus Supplement dated August 7, 2008, and Prospectus Supplement dated November 6, 2008

of

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.

2,281,253 Shares of Common Stock

This Prospectus Supplement relates to the sale of up to 2,281,253 shares of SCI Engineered Materials, Inc. common stock (the “Shares”).  The Shares are being registered to permit public secondary trading of the shares that are being offered by the selling shareholders named in the prospectus.  We are not selling any of the Shares in this offering and therefore will not receive any proceeds from this offering.

This Prospectus Supplement No. 10 includes the attached Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Form 10-K”) of SCI Engineered Materials, Inc. (the “Company”), for the year ended December 31, 2008, filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 26, 2009.  The exhibits to the Form 10-K are not included with this Prospectus Supplement No. 10 and are not incorporated by reference herein. This Prospectus Supplement No. 10 should be read in conjunction with the prospectus supplement No. 1 dated May 15, 2006, the prospectus supplement No. 2 dated August 3, 2006, the prospectus supplement No. 3 dated November 3, 2006, the prospectus supplement No. 4 dated March 15, 2007, the post-effective amendment dated May 1, 2007, the prospectus supplement No. 5 dated May 9, 2007,  the post-effective amendment No. 2 dated July 18, 2007, the post-effective amendment No. 3 dated July 20, 2007, the post-effective amendment No. 4 dated August 3, 2007, the post-effective amendment No. 5 dated August 29, 2007, the prospectus supplement No. 6 dated November 13, 2007, the post-effective amendment No. 6 dated April 24, 2008, the prospectus supplement No. 7 dated May 8, 2008, the prospectus supplement No. 8 dated August 7, 2008 and the prospectus supplement No. 9 dated November 6, 2008.


Our common stock is traded on the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board under the symbol “SCIA.”

NEITHER THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION NOR ANY STATE SECURITIES COMMISSION HAS APPROVED OR DISAPPROVED OF THESE SECURITIES OR PASSED UPON THE ACCURACY OR ADEQUACY OF THIS PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT.  ANY REPRESENTATION TO THE CONTRARY IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE.
 
The date of this Prospectus Supplement No. 10 is March 11, 2009.
 
 
 

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549

Form 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For The Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2008

Commission File Number:  0-31641

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Ohio
31-1210318
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification No.)

2839 Charter Street
Columbus, Ohio 43228
(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (614) 486-0261

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  None

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  Common Stock, without par value (Title of Class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes ¨   No þ

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.  Yes ¨ No þ  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for at least the past 90 days.
Yes  þ No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (section 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer   ¨ Non-accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ¨   No þ

The aggregate market value of the Registrant’s common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was approximately $9,173,377 on June 30, 2008 .   For purposes of this disclosure, shares of common stock held by persons who hold more than 10% of the outstanding shares of common stock and shares held by executive officers and directors of the registrant have been excluded because such persons may be deemed to be affiliates.  This determination of executive officer or affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.

There were 3,562,259   shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock outstanding on February 20, 2009.

Documents Incorporated By Reference
Portions of our Proxy Statement for the 2009 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference in Part III.

 

 

Table of Contents
 
   
Page
     
Part I
     
Item 1.
Description of Business
3
Item 1A.
Risk factors
7
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
10
Item 2.
Properties
10
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
10
Item 4.
Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
10
     
Part II
     
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
11
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
12
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation
13
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
16
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
16
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
16
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
16
Item 9B.
Other Information
17
     
Part III
     
Item 10.
Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant
17
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
18
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
18
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions
18
Item 14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
18
Item 15.
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
18
     
 
Signatures
22

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Section 26A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “estimate,” and “project” and similar words and expressions identify forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. Investors are cautioned that such statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical or anticipated results due to many factors, including, but not limited to, the factors discussed in “Risk Factors.”  The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements.

 
2

 

PART I

ITEM 1.                      DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

Introduction

SCI Engineered Materials, Inc. (“SCI” or the “Company”), formerly Superconductive Components, Inc., an Ohio corporation, was incorporated in 1987.  We manufacture ceramic and metal sputtering targets for a variety of industrial applications including Photonics, Thin Film Solar, Thin Film Battery, Semiconductor, and, to a lesser extent High Temperature Superconductive (“HTS”) materials.  Our customers use our sputtering targets to produce very thin coatings for a variety of applications.  Photonics currently represents our largest market for our targets.  Thin Film Solar is an industry that is exhibiting rapid growth and we expect this part of our business to grow quickly.  Thin Film Battery is a developing market where manufacturers of batteries use our targets to produce very small power supplies with small quantities of stored energy.  Semiconductor is a developing market for us.

History of the Company

The late Dr. Edward Funk, Sc.D., and his late wife Ingeborg founded SCI in 1987.  Dr. Funk, formerly a Professor of Metallurgy at The Ohio State University and a successful entrepreneur, envisioned significant market potential for the newly discovered High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) material YBCO (T c of 90 o K). Our first product was a 99.999% pure, co-precipitated YBCO 1-2-3 powder. Over the years we expanded our product line by adding other High T c Powders, sintered shapes, single crystal substrates, and non-superconducting sputtering targets.

 We opened a subdivision, Target Materials Inc. (TMI), in 1991 to supply the increasing worldwide demand for sputtering and laser ablation targets. We became a full service manufacturer of high performance thin film materials, providing a wide selection of metals, ceramics, and alloys for sputtering targets, evaporation sources, and other Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) applications. We served the R&D market as well as the Industrial and Decorative Coating markets.  During this time, we began to manufacture targets for the Photovoltaic, Flat Panel Display, and Semiconductor industries.

SCI and TMI were merged in 2002.   We continued to manufacture complex ceramic, metal, and alloy products for the thin film battery, photovoltaic, media storage, flat panel display, semiconductor, electronic, and photonic industries.

In May of 2005, we received ISO 9001:2000 registration, an internationally recognized milestone in our pursuit of quality.  This registration enabled us to increase our customer base which has benefited sales since the second quarter of 2005.

Over the past two decades, we have developed considerable expertise in the development and ramp-up of manufacturing novel materials, such as Bismuth Strontium Calcium Copper Oxide (a superconductor), and battery and solar PVD targets.  Today, we serve a diverse base of domestic and multi-national corporations, universities, and leading research institutions.  We actively seek to partner with organizations to provide solutions for difficult material challenges.

Throughout our history, we have conducted funded research primarily under grants from entities such as the Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, NASA, and the Ohio Department of Development.  These activities are generally limited to funded research that is consistent with our focus on commercial applications in our principal markets.

Business
 
We are a supplier of materials to the Physical Vapor Deposition (“PVD”) industry.  Our customers need our materials to produce nano layers of metals and oxides for advanced material systems.  PVD coatings range from every day items to complex computer processors.  For example, every day applications include transparent anti-scratch coatings on eyeglasses, coatings on kitchen and bathroom faucets, as well as low emissivity glass for household windows.  More technically advanced applications include semiconductors, thin film solar, flat panel displays and an emerging technology - Thin Film Battery.

 
3

 
 
We are focused on four distinct markets within the PVD industry.  These markets are Photonics, Thin Film Solar, Semiconductor and Thin Film Battery.  The Company continues to pursue niche opportunities, specifically for the Solar market and Hard Disk Drive (“HDD”) in the semiconductor market.  We receive requests from potential customers in other markets within the PVD industry; however, at this time we have chosen not to pursue them.  This disciplined approach enables us to focus on those opportunities that are the best fit for our capabilities and also offer the greatest long-term return.  Considerations include our core strengths, resource requirements, and time-to-market issues.
 
The production and sale of HTS materials was the initial focus of our operations and these materials continue to be part of our development efforts.  We continue to work with private companies and government agencies to develop new and improved products for future applications; however, our principal business focus is on products positioned for near term commercialization.

Photonics currently represents the largest market for our materials.  Our customers are continually identifying new materials that improve the utility of optical coating.  This includes improvements in their ability to focus, filter or reflect light, all of which increase the potential demand for the types and amounts of materials we sell in this market.  Photonic applications continue to expand as new methods are found to manipulate light waves to enhance the various properties of light.  Currently, these include optic devices and reflective coatings among others.
 
We have developed new products for the growing Thin Film Solar (“TFS”) market.  We are well positioned in the TFS area having supplied materials to that market for about 10 years during the early stages of TFS development.  In 2007, we added over $300,000 of new manufacturing equipment, as well as Engineering and Sales staff to develop new materials to support the anticipated growth of Solar.  In 2008, we continued adding equipment to make prototype orders and expect commercialization to begin in 2009.  We were awarded a grant of approximately $700,000 from the Ohio Department of Development to assist in the commercialization of TFS.  Our new materials are Transparent Conductive Oxides (“TCO”).  Every square foot of a TFS panel is coated with up to 3 layers of TCO, 1 micron thick.  We continue to increase our visibility in the global arena by attending various trade shows targeted at the Solar market.  During the fourth quarter of 2008 we added an exclusive manufacturer’s representative for Europe.
 
Thin Film Battery is a developing market where manufacturers of batteries use our targets, especially lithium orthophosphate (Li3PO4) and lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO) as key elements to produce power supplies with small quantities of stored energy.  A typical Thin Film Battery would be produced via PVD with five or more thin layers.  These batteries are often one centimeter square but only 15 microns thick.  We are the leading provider of Li3PO4 and LiCoO to the emerging Thin Film Battery market. Following several years of industry developments, some Thin Film Battery customers announced the batteries were commercially available. Our customers anticipate the unique properties of these batteries to be used in applications in medical devices, integrated circuits, RFID, smart cards, hand held electronics and many other applications.

We are still in the early stages of developing a market presence in the Semiconductor industry.  We continue to develop innovative products for this industry.  Thus far we have experienced some success and this market continues to hold significant potential for us.  In 2008 we applied for a patent for products targeted at this market.

We had total annual revenues of $9.6 million, $10.8 million and $8.0 million in the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively.  Gross profit was $2.2 million, $2.1 million and $1.8 million in the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively.  Some of the changes in revenues were related to a high priced commodity that experienced a cyclical peak in 2007.  This material is expected to return to its long term average during 2009, which may reduce revenues but have less of an effect on gross profit.

Principal suppliers in 2008 were Cabot Supermetals, Lattice Materials and Johnson Matthey.  In every case, we believe that suitable alternate vendors can be used to ensure availability of required materials.  As volume grows, we may enter into alliances or purchasing contracts with these or other vendors.

Our largest customer represented approximately 47% of total revenues in 2008 and more than 50% in 2007.  We had contract research revenue of $157,032 and $57,779 representing 1.6% and 0.5% of total revenue for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

 
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Marketing and Sales

In 2008 we significantly expanded our marketing reach into Europe and Asia.  Both of these areas have high demand for Solar and Semiconductor sputtering targets.  We use various distribution channels to reach end user markets, including direct sales by our sales persons, independent manufacturers’ representatives in the United States, and independent distributors for international markets.  The Internet provides tremendous reach for new customers to be able to identify us as a source of their product needs.  We have an operating website www.sciengineeredmaterials.com , which we upgraded in 2006 to include expanded online product inquiry capabilities and additional product information.  As mentioned earlier, in 2007 we added a sales engineer to further drive our sales efforts in the Solar area of the Photonics market.  In 2006, we added a marketing manager to increase our sales efforts in the Semiconductor market.
 
Ceramics

We are capable of producing ceramic powders via several different processing techniques including solid state, precipitation and combustion synthesis.  Ceramic targets can also be produced in a variety of ways depending on the end user applications.  Production techniques include sintering, cold isostatic pressing and hot pressing.

Most of our products are manufactured from component chemicals and metals supplied by various vendors.  If we suddenly lost the services of a supplier, there could be a disruption in our manufacturing process until the supplier was replaced.  We have identified several firms as potential back-up suppliers who would be capable of supplying these materials to us as necessary.   To date, we have not experienced an interruption of raw material supplies.

Metals

In addition to the ceramic targets previously mentioned, we produce metal sputtering targets and backing plates.  The targets are bonded to the backing plates for application in the PVD industry.  These targets can be produced by casting, hot pressing and machining of metals and metal alloys depending on the application.

Applications for metal targets are highly varied from applying decorative coatings for end uses such as sink faucets to the production of various electronic, photonic and semiconductor products.

We purchase various metals of reasonably high purity (often above 99.9%) for our applications.  We are not dependent on a single source for these metals and do not believe losing a vendor would materially affect our business.

We have continually added production processes and testing equipment for the many product compositions that can be used as PVD materials.

Competition

We have a number of domestic and international competitors in both the ceramic and metal fields, many of whom have resources far in excess of our resources.  Tosoh, Williams Advanced Materials, Kurt Lesker and Plasmaterials are competing suppliers in regard to targets.  Dowa Chemicals of Japan supplies HTS materials.

Research and Development

We are developing sputtering targets for semiconductor applications which could be used to produce high K dielectric films via PVD processing.  We are developing Transparent Conductive Oxide (TCO) and transparent dielectric materials for Thin Film Solar and wide area coating applications.  We focus our research and development efforts in areas that build on our expertise in multi-component ceramic oxides.

Contract research revenues were $157,032 during 2008, compared to $57,779 during 2007 .
 
We received notification during the fourth quarter of 2008 from the Ohio Department of Development’s Third Frontier Advanced Energy Program of an award in the amount of more than $700,000.  This award provides support to commercialize technologies for the manufacture of rotatable ceramic sputtering targets for the production of transparent conductive oxide-coated glass used in manufacturing thin film photovoltaic solar cell panels.   The work on the contract began in January of 2009.

 
5

 

During the third quarter of 2008 we received notification from the Department of Energy of a Notice of Financial Assistance Award in the amount of approximately $750,000.  The initial $125,000 was formally approved during 2008.  The remaining balance was approved in February 2009.  This award provides support for Phase II of a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) award entitled “Flux Pinning Additions to Increase Jc Performance in BSCCO-2212 Round Wire for Very High Field Magnets.”  The work on the contract began during the third quarter of 2008 and is expected to continue through August 2010.

We received notification during the second quarter of 2008 from the Department of Energy of a Notice of Financial Assistance Award in the amount of $99,961.  This award provides support for Phase I of an SBIR award entitled “Homogenous BSCCO-2212 Round Wires for Very High Field Magnet Applications.”  The work on the contract began during the third quarter of 2008 and is expected to be completed during the first half of 2009.

During the second quarter of 2007 we received notification  from the Department of Energy of a Notice of Financial Assistance Award in the amount of $97,900.  This award provided support for Phase I of a Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) award entitled “Flux Pinning Additions to Increase Jc Performance in BSCCO-2212 Round Wire for Very High Field Magnets.”  The work on the contract began during the third quarter of 2007 and was completed during the first quarter of 2008.
 
We intend to continue to seek funded research opportunities within our core competencies that maintain and expand technical understanding within our company.

We have certain proprietary knowledge and trade secrets related to the manufacture of ceramic oxide PVD materials and patents covering some HTS products.

New Product Initiatives                                           

We continue to develop TCO target materials for the fast growing Thin Film Solar market in partnership with both original equipment manufacturers and Thin Film Solar Cell panel fabricators.  Due to our flexibility in manufacturing both planar and rotatable target material designs, we are able to provide TCO compositions tailored to customer requests.  In addition, we have obtained a grant from the Ohio Department of Development’s Third Frontier Advanced Energy Program (TFAEP) to aid us in the expansion of our rotatable target production facilities.  The TFAEP grant will enable us to expedite the expansion of our rotatable target manufacturing capacity to meet anticipated customer demand.

We continue to pursue research and development opportunities with respect to new and innovative materials and processes to be used in connection with the production of Thin Film Batteries.  Presently, there are approximately five manufacturers of Thin Film Batteries in the United States, each in various stages of development from prototype to commercial activity.  In addition there are several firms and research institutes conducting tests on Thin Film Batteries.  We believe this market may potentially become very large with significant growth expected during the next two years.  There are numerous applications for Thin Film Batteries, including, but not limited to, active RFID tags, battery on chip, portable electronics, medical implant devices, and remote sensors.  Given the many potential uses for Thin Film Batteries, we anticipate that the market for materials it produces will grow in direct correlation to the Thin Film Battery market itself.

We currently face competition from other producers of materials used in connection with the manufacture of Thin Film Batteries. We believe that we have certain competitive advantages in terms of quality (but acknowledge that we are currently at a disadvantage in terms of capital resources).  We intend to actively market our materials to Thin Film Battery producers in the upcoming year in order maintain our strong presence in this market.  Currently, we are the leading supplier of targets to this market.

At present, we have several customers for the materials we produce for Thin Film Batteries.  Since we have begun producing materials for the Thin Film Battery market, we have experienced no problems securing the supplies needed to produce the materials.  We do not anticipate supply problems in the near future.  However, changes in production methods and advancing technologies could render our current products obsolete and the new production protocols may require supplies that are less available in the marketplace, which may cause a slowing or complete halt to production as well as expanding costs which we may or may not be able to pass on to our customers.
             
Intellectual Property                                                                           

We have received a patent for Fine-Particle Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O Having High Phase Purity made by a Chemical Precipitation and Low-Pressure Calcination method from the United States Patent and Trademark Office.  We also have received a patent for a process to join two individual strongly linked super-conductors utilizing a melt processing technique.

 
6

 
               
                At present, we have applied for a patent for the manufacture of a precious metal composite target that will significantly reduce the amount of precious metal required to produce such targets that are used in the semiconductor and optics industries.  We have several customers interested in this invention and are pursuing both domestic (US) and foreign coverage.

In the future, we may submit additional patent applications covering various applications, which have been developed by us.  Because the publication of U.S. patent applications can be delayed for up to one year, they tend to lag behind actual discoveries and we may not be the first creator of inventions covered by pending patent applications or the first to file patent applications for such inventions.  Additionally, other parties may independently develop similar technologies, duplicate our technologies or, if patents are issued to us or rights licensed by us, design around the patented aspects of any technologies we developed or licensed.

                We rely on a combination of patent and trademark law, license agreements, internal procedures and nondisclosure agreements to protect our intellectual property.  Unfortunately, these may be invalidated, circumvented or challenged.  In addition, the laws of some foreign countries in which our products may be produced or sold do not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States.

Employees

We had 25 full-time employees as of December 31, 2008.  Of these employees one held a PhD in Material Science.  We have never experienced work stoppage and consider our relations with employees to be good.  The employees do not have a bargaining unit.

Environmental Matters

We handle all materials according to Federal, State and Local environmental regulations and include Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) with all shipments to customers.  We maintain a collection of MSDS sheets for all raw materials used in the manufacture of products and maintenance of equipment and insure that all personnel follow the handling instructions contained in the MSDS for each material.  We contract with a reputable fully permitted hazardous waste disposal company to dispose of the small amount of hazardous waste materials generated.

Collections and Write-offs

We collected receivables in an average of 23 days in 2008.  We have occasionally been forced to write-off negligible amount of accounts receivable as uncollectible.  We consider credit management critical to our success.

Seasonal Trends

We have not experienced and do not expect to experience seasonal trends in future business operations.

ITEM  1A.                                 RISK FACTORS

We desire to take advantage of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  The following factors have affected or could affect actual results and could cause such results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made.  Investors should consider carefully the following risks and speculative factors inherent in and affecting the business of SCI and an investment in our common stock.

We have experienced significant operating losses in the past and may have losses in the future.

We reported net income applicable to common shares of $100,177 for 2008 and $307,682 for 2007.  Our accumulated deficit since inception in 1987 was $7,401,876 at December 31, 2008.

While we have been profitable in recent years, we have financed our historical losses primarily from additional investments and loans by our major shareholders and private offerings of common stock and warrants to purchase common stock.  We cannot assure you, however, that we will continue to operate at a profit or that we will be able to raise additional capital in the future to fund our operations.

 
7

 

We have limited marketing and sales capabilities.

In late 2008, we formed an exclusive relationship with a manufacturer’s representative in Europe.  As previously mentioned, we hired a full time sales engineer in 2007 and a full time marketing manager in 2006 to expand our marketing activities, especially in the solar area of the photonics market and in the semiconductor market.  We must continue to develop appropriate marketing, sales, technical, customer service and distribution capabilities, or enter into agreements with third parties to provide these services to successfully market our products.  A failure to develop these capabilities or obtain third-party agreements could adversely affect us.

Our success depends on our ability to retain key management personnel.

Our success depends in large part on our ability to attract and retain highly qualified management, administrative, manufacturing, sales, and research and development personnel.  Due to the specialized nature of our business, it may be difficult to locate and hire qualified personnel.   The loss of services of one of our executive officers or other key personnel, or our failure to attract and retain other executive officers or key personnel could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.  Although we have been successful in planning for and retaining highly capable and qualified successor management in the past, there can be no assurance that we will be able to do so in the future.

We may need to seek additional capital in the future, which may reduce the value of our common stock.

We reported net income applicable to common shares of $100,177 for 2008, $307,682 for 2007 and $277,083 for 2006.  We incurred substantial operating losses prior to 2006.    We could be required to seek additional capital in the future for growth and working capital purposes.  There is no assurance that new capital will be available or that it will be available on terms that will not result in substantial dilution or reduction in value of our common stock.

Our competitors have far greater financial and other resources than we have.

The market for Physical Vapor Deposition materials is a substantial market with significant competition in both ceramic and metal materials.  While we believe that our products enjoy certain competitive advantages in design, function, quality, and availability, considerable competition exists from well-established firms such as Williams Advanced Materials, Kurt Lesker and Tosoh, all of which have more resources than us.  We cannot provide assurance that developments by others will not render our products or technologies obsolete or less competitive.

Our revenues depend on patents and proprietary rights that may not be enforceable.

We rely on a combination of patent and trademark law, license agreements, internal procedures and nondisclosure agreements to protect our intellectual property.  These may be invalidated, circumvented or challenged.  In addition, the laws of some foreign countries in which our products may be produced or sold do not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States.  Our failure to protect our proprietary information could adversely affect us.

Rights we have to patents and pending patent applications may be challenged.

We have received, from the United States Patent and Trademark Office, a patent for Fine-Particle Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O Having High Phase Purity made by a Chemical Precipitation and Low-Pressure Calcination method, and have also received a patent for a process to join two individual strongly linked super-conductors utilizing a melt processing technique.  We have applied for a patent for the manufacture of a precious metal composite target that will significantly reduce the amount of precious metal required to produce such targets that are used in the semiconductor and optics industries.  We have several customers interested in this invention and are pursuing both domestic (US) and foreign coverage.  In the future, we may submit additional patent applications covering various applications.  The patent application we filed and patent applications that we may file in the future may not result in patents being issued, and any patents issued may not afford meaningful protection against competitors with similar technology, and may be challenged by third parties.

Because U.S. patent applications are maintained in secret until patents are issued, and because publications of discoveries in the scientific or patent literature tend to lag behind actual discoveries by several months, we may not be the first creator of inventions covered by issued patents or pending patent applications or the first to file patent applications for such inventions.  Moreover, other parties may independently develop similar technologies, duplicate our technologies or, if patents are issued to us or rights licensed by us, design around the patented aspects of any technologies we developed or licensed. We may have to participate in interference proceedings declared by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to determine the priority of inventions, which could result in substantial costs. Litigation may also be necessary to enforce any patents held by or issued to us or to determine the scope and validity of others' proprietary rights, which could result in substantial costs.

 
8

 

The rapid technological changes of our industry may adversely affect us if we do not keep pace with advancing technology.

The Physical Vapor Deposition market is characterized by rapidly advancing technology.  Our success depends on our ability to keep pace with advancing technology and processes and industry standards.  We have focused our development efforts on sputtering targets.  We intend to continue to develop and integrate advances in the thin film coatings industry.  However, our development efforts may be rendered obsolete by research efforts and technological advances made by others, and materials other than those we currently use may prove more advantageous.

Additional development of our products may be necessary due to uncertainty regarding development of markets.

Some of our products are in the early stages of commercialization and we believe that it will be several years before these products will have significant commercial end-use applications, and that significant additional development work may be necessary to improve the commercial feasibility and acceptance of these products.  There can be no assurance that we will be able to commercialize any of the products currently under development.

To date, there has been no widespread commercial use of High Temperature Superconductive (HTS) products.  Additionally, the market for the Thin Film Battery materials is still in its early stages.  Some of our materials are in early stages of development for Thin Film Solar applications.  The Thin Film Solar market is expected to grow significantly during the next few years.

The market for our common stock is limited, and as such our shareholders may have difficulty reselling their shares when desired or at attractive market prices.

Our stock price and our listing may make it more difficult for our shareholders to resell shares when desired or at attractive prices.  In 2001, our stock began trading on The Over the Counter Bulletin Board (“OTC Bulletin Board”).  Nevertheless, our common stock has continued to trade in low volumes and at low prices.  Some investors view low-priced stocks as unduly speculative and therefore not appropriate candidates for investment.  Many institutional investors have internal policies prohibiting the purchase or maintenance of positions in low-priced stocks.  This has the effect of limiting the pool of potential purchases of our common stock at present price levels.  Shareholders may find greater percentage spreads between bid and asked prices, and more difficulty in completing transactions and higher transaction costs when buying or selling our common stock than they would if our stock were listed on a major stock exchange, such as The New York Stock Exchange or The Nasdaq National Market.

Our common stock has been  subject to the Securities and Exchange Commission’s “penny stock” regulations, which may limit the liquidity of common stock held by our shareholders .

At the present time, our common stock trades on the OTC Bulletin Board.  Based on its trading price, our common stock, at times,  has been considered a “penny stock” for purposes of federal securities laws,  and therefore has been subject to regulations, which affected the ability of broker-dealers to sell our securities.  Broker-dealers who recommend a “penny stock” to persons (other than established customers and accredited investors) must make a special written suitability determination and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to a transaction prior to sale.

If penny stock regulations apply to our common stock, it may be difficult to trade the stock because compliance with the regulations can delay and/or preclude certain trading transactions.  Broker-dealers may be discouraged from effecting transactions in common stock because of the sales practice and disclosure requirements for penny stock. This could adversely affect the liquidity and/or price of our common stock, and impede the sale of the common stock in the secondary market.

Our Articles of Incorporation authorize us to issue additional shares of stock.

We are authorized to issue up to 15,000,000 shares of common stock, which may be issued by our board of directors for such consideration, as they may consider sufficient without seeking shareholder approval.  The issuance of additional shares of common stock in the future may reduce the proportionate ownership and voting power of current shareholders.

 
9

 

Our Articles of Incorporation authorize us to issue up to 260,000 shares of preferred stock.  The issuance of preferred stock in the future could create additional securities which would have dividend and liquidation preferences prior in right to the outstanding shares of common stock.  These provisions could also impede a non-negotiated change in control.

We have not paid dividends on our common stock in the past and do not expect to do so in the future.

We cannot assure you that our operations will result in sufficient revenues to enable us to operate at profitable levels or to generate positive cash flow sufficient to pay dividends.  We have never paid dividends on our common shares in the past and do not expect to do so in the foreseeable future.  We intend to retain future earnings for use in the business.

ITEM 1B.                   UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

Not applicable.

ITEM 2.                      PROPERTIES.

Our office and manufacturing facilities are located at 2839 Charter Street, Columbus, Ohio, where we occupy approximately 32,000 square feet.  We moved our operations into this facility in 2004.  The lease on the property expires on August 16, 2014.   We believe these facilities are in good condition and will be adequate for our needs for the foreseeable future.

We are current on all operating lease liabilities.

ITEM 3.                      LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

Not applicable.

ITEM 4.                      SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS.

Not applicable.

 
10

 

PART II

ITEM 5.
MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

Market for Common Stock

Our common stock currently trades on the OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol “SCIA.”  The following table sets forth for the periods indicated the high and low bid quotations for our common stock.

   
High
   
Low
 
             
Fiscal 2008
           
             
Quarter Ended March 31, 2008
  $ 5.90     $ 2.50  
                 
Quarter Ended June 30, 2008
    5.75       3.00  
                 
Quarter Ended September 30, 2008
    6.00       4.10  
                 
Quarter Ended December 31, 2008
    6.00       2.10  
                 
Fiscal 2007
               
                 
Quarter Ended March 31, 2007
    7.50       5.00  
                 
Quarter Ended June 30, 2007
    8.80       6.58  
                 
Quarter Ended September 30, 2007
    7.00       6.10  
                 
Quarter Ended December 31, 2007
    7.00       5.00  

The quotations provided herein may reflect inter-dealer prices without retail mark-up, markdown, or commissions, and may not represent actual transactions.

As discussed above, at the present time, our common stock trades on the OTC Bulletin Board.  Based on its trading price, our common stock, at times,  has been considered a “penny stock” for purposes of federal securities laws, and therefore has been subject to certain regulations, which are summarized below.

The Securities Enforcement and Penny Stock Reform Act of 1990 requires special disclosure relating to the market for penny stocks in connection with trades in any stock defined as a “penny stock.”  Specifically, Rules 15g-1 through 15g-9 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) impose sales practice and disclosure requirements on NASD broker-dealers who make a market in a “penny stock.”  Securities and Exchange Commission regulations generally define a penny stock to be an equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share and is not listed on The NASDAQ SmallCap Stock Market or a major stock exchange. These regulations affect the ability of broker-dealers to sell the Company’s securities and also may affect the ability of purchasers of the Company’s common stock to sell their shares in the secondary market.

Under the penny stock regulations, a broker-dealer selling penny stock to anyone other than an established customer or “accredited investor,” generally, an individual with net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or an annual income exceeding $200,000, or $300,000 together with his or her spouse, must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and must receive the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction prior to sale, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. In addition, the penny stock regulations require the broker-dealer to deliver, prior to any transaction involving a penny stock, a disclosure schedule prepared by the Commission relating to the penny stock market, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. A broker-dealer is also required to disclose commissions payable to the broker-dealer and the registered representative and current quotations for the securities. Finally, a broker-dealer is required to send monthly statements disclosing recent price information with respect to the penny stock held in a customer’s account and information with respect to the limited market in penny  stocks.

 
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As long as the penny stock regulations apply to the Company’s stock, it may be difficult to trade such stock because compliance with the regulations can delay and/or preclude certain trading transactions.  Broker-dealers may be discouraged from effecting transactions in the Company’s stock because of the sales practice and disclosure requirements for penny stock. This could adversely affect the liquidity and/or price of the Company’s common stock, and impede the sale of the Company’s stock.

Holders of Record

As of December 31, 2008, there were approximately 440 holders of record of our common stock and 3,560,259 shares outstanding.  There were approximately 50 holders of Series B Preferred shares and as of December 31, 2008 there were 24,430 shares outstanding.

Dividends

We have never paid cash dividends on our common stock and do not expect to pay any dividends in the foreseeable future.  We intend to retain future earnings for use in the business.

Equity Compensation Plan Information

The following table sets forth additional information as of December 31, 2008, concerning shares of our common stock that may be issued upon the exercise of options and other rights under our existing equity compensation plans and arrangements, divided between plans approved by our shareholders and plans or arrangements not submitted to the shareholders for approval.  The information includes the number of shares covered by, and the weighted average exercise price of, outstanding options and other rights and the number of shares remaining available for future grants excluding the shares to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants, and other rights.

   
Number of Securities to
be issued upon exercise
of outstanding options,
warrants and rights
(a)
   
Weighted-average exercise
price of outstanding
options, warrants and rights
(b)
   
Number of securities
remaining available for
issuance under equity
compensation plans
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
(c)
 
                   
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders (1)
    596,250     $ 2.30       542,000  
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders (2)
    17,500     $ 2.88        
                         
Total
    613,750     $ 2.31       542,000  
________________
(1)
Equity compensation plans approved by shareholders include our 2006 Stock Option Plan.
(2)
Includes 17,500 stock purchase warrants that can be used to purchase 17,500 shares of our common stock, which were issued by us in exchange for consideration in the form of goods and services.

ITEM 6.                      SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

Not applicable.

 
12

 

ITEM 7.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINACIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION.

Overview
 
SCI Engineered Materials, Inc. (“SCI” or the “Company”), formerly Superconductive Components, Inc., an Ohio corporation, was incorporated in 1987.  We manufacture ceramic and metal sputtering targets for a variety of industrial applications including: Photonics, Thin Film Solar, Semiconductor, Thin Film Battery and, to a lesser extent HTS materials.  Photonics currently represents the largest market for our targets.  Thin Film Solar is an industry that is exhibiting rapid growth and we expect this market to grow quickly.  Thin Film Battery is a developing market where manufacturers of batteries use our targets to produce very small power supplies with small quantities of stored energy.    Semiconductor is a developing market for us.  We added to our sales staff in late 2007 for the purpose of focusing on opportunities for our products in the Solar industry.  We also added staff to our Technology group during the second half of 2007 for the development of innovative products.  During the fourth quarter of 2008 we added an exclusive manufacturer’s representative for Europe.
 
Executive Summary
 
For the year ended December 31, 2008, we had revenues of $9,619,895.   This was a decrease of $1,212,787, or 11.2%, compared to 2007.  The decrease in revenues was attributed to a reduction in the cost of a high value raw material.  We anticipate that the cost of this raw material will continue to be lower in 2009.  The order backlog at December 31, 2008 was $2.9 million, which compared to $1.0 million at December 31, 2007.
 
Despite the decrease in revenues we experienced positive benefits from product mix and improved production efficiency.  Gross profit increased 7.5% to $2,211,477 for 2008 from $2,057,823 for 2007.  Gross margin also increased to 23.0% of total revenues for 2008 from 19.0% in 2007.

For the year ended December 31, 2008, we recorded net income applicable to common shares of $100,177 compared to $307,682 for 2007.  This decrease can be largely attributed to additional operating expenses of approximately $297,000 along with an increase in depreciation expense of approximately $82,000.   We continued to invest in R&D, marketing and sales, and additional production equipment to take advantage of current and future market opportunities.  During the past 24 months we have been actively marketing to additional customers in select markets.  This has resulted in trial and qualification orders that were shipped to customers in the semiconductor and solar industries during 2008 that totaled approximately 10% of our revenues.  We have received additional trial orders that should ship during the first quarter of 2009.

Orders received in 2008 were $11,675,439, compared to $10,362,995, in 2007, an increase of 13%.

Results of Operations

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported in the Financial Statements and accompanying notes .   Note 2 to the Financial Statements in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008 describes the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of the Financial Statements.  Estimates are used for, but not limited to, the accounting for the allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory allowances, property and equipment depreciable lives, patents and licenses useful lives and assessing changes in which impairment of certain long-lived assets may occur.  Actual results could differ from these estimates.  The following critical accounting policies are impacted significantly by judgments, assumptions and estimates used in the preparation of the Financial Statements.  The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on our assessment of the collectibility of specific customer accounts and the aging of the accounts receivable.  If there is a deterioration of a major customer’s credit worthiness or actual defaults are higher than our historical experience, our estimates of the recoverability of amounts due us could be adversely affected.  Inventory purchases and commitments are based upon future demand forecasts.  If there is a sudden and significant decrease in demand for our products or there is a higher risk of inventory obsolescence because of rapidly changing technology and customer requirements, we may be required to increase our inventory allowances and our gross margin could be adversely affected.   Depreciable and useful lives estimated for property and equipment, licenses and patents are based on initial expectations of the period of time these assets and intangibles will provide benefit to us.  Changes in circumstances related to a change in our business, change in technology or other factors could result in these assets becoming impaired, which could adversely affect the value of these assets.
 
 
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Year 2008 As Compared to Year 2007

Revenues

Revenues were $9,619,895 in 2008, a decrease of $1,212,787, or 11.2%, from 2007.  The revenue decline can be attributed to the ongoing purchase of raw materials whose prices have historically experienced periods of significant fluctuation.  Cost changes for this high value raw material are fully reflected in the final selling price which insulates us from market risk associated with the raw material.  We anticipate the cost of this high value raw material will continue to be lower during 2009.  Revenues exclusive of this high value raw material increased approximately $750,000, or 21.5% over 2007.

Gross Profit

Reflecting positive benefits from product mix and improved production efficiency, gross profit increased 7.5% in 2008.  Gross profit in 2008 was $2,211,477 or 23.0% of total revenue as compared to $2,057,823 or 19.0% in 2007

Marketing and Sales Expense

Marketing and sales expense increased 28.3% to $587,202 in 2008 from $457,689 in 2007.  This increase was due to the addition of sales and marketing staff and increased travel.  We added a sales engineer late in 2007 to focus efforts on applications in the rapidly expanding Thin Film Solar market.  We continue to increase our visibility in the global arena by attending various trade shows targeted at the Photonics, Semiconductor and Solar markets.  During the fourth quarter of 2008 we added an exclusive manufacturer’s representative for Europe.

General and Administrative Expense

General and administrative expense in 2008 was $966,979 compared to $884,771 in 2007, an increase of 9.3%.  This increase was due to an increase in staff and professional fees.

Research and Development Expense

Research and development expense for 2008 was $454,424 compared to $368,971 in 2007, an increase of 23.2%.  The increase was due to additional staff and expense associated within the continued development efforts in the Photonic, Solar, Thin Film Battery and Semiconductor markets, as well as research related to the SBIRs.

Interest Income and Expense

Interest income was $24,271 and $64,600 for 2008 and 2007, respectively.  While our cash position increased slightly in 2008, the decrease in interest rates reduced the amount of interest earned.

Interest expense was $102,763 or 1.1% of revenues in 2008, compared to $79,788, or 0.7% of revenues in 2007. The increase was due to additional capital lease obligations incurred for the purchase of production equipment for increased production capacity.

Income Applicable To Common Shares

Income applicable to common shares was $100,177 and $307,682 for 2008 and 2007, respectively.  Net income per common share based on the income applicable to common shares for 2008 and 2007 was $0.03 and $0.09, respectively.  The income applicable to common shares includes the net income from operations and the accretion of Series B preferred stock dividends.  The net income per common share before dividends on preferred stock was $0.04 and $0.10 for 2008 and 2007, respectively.
 
Dividends on the Series B preferred stock accrue at 10% annually on the outstanding shares.   Dividends accrued on the Series B preferred stock was $24,373 during 2008 and $24,979 in 2007.
 
Basic earnings for 2008 were $0.03 per common share based on 3,530,486 average shares outstanding compared to $0.09 per common share based on 3,461,374 weighted average shares outstanding for 2007.
 
 
14

 

Diluted earnings per common share for 2008 were $0.02 based on 4,035,065 average shares outstanding compared to $0.07 per share based on 4,217,936 weighted average shares outstanding for 2007.

The following schedule represents our outstanding common shares during the period of 2009 through 2019 assuming all outstanding stock options and stock warrants are exercised during the year of expiration.  If each shareholder exercises his or her options or warrants, it could increase our common shares by 1,693,307 to 5,255,566 by December 31, 2019.  Exercise prices for options and warrants range from $1.00 to $6.00 at January 31, 2009.  Assuming all such options and warrants are exercised in the year of expiration, the effect on shares outstanding is illustrated as follows:

   
Options and
   
Potential
 
    
Warrants due
   
Shares
 
    
to expire
   
Outstanding
 
2009
    160,418       3,722,677  
2010
    443,389       4,166,066  
2011
    62,500       4,228,566  
2012
    170,000       4,398,566  
2013
    30,500       4,429,066  
2014
    180,000       4,609,066  
2015
    140,000       4,749,066  
2016
    37,000       4,786,066  
2017
    -       4,786,066  
2018
    19,500       4,805,566  
2019
    450,000       5,255,566  

Liquidity and Working Capital

At December 31, 2008, working capital was $1,786,360 compared to $1,520,218 at December 31, 2007, an increase of $266,142.  Net cash provided by operating activities was approximately $457,000 for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008.  Net cash provided by operating activities was approximately $995,000 for the twelve months ended December 31, 2007.   Significant non-cash items including depreciation, accretion and amortization, stock based compensation expense, inventory reserve on excess and obsolete inventory, and allowance for doubtful accounts were approximately $418,000 and $355,000, for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.  Accounts receivable, inventory, prepaid expenses and other assets increased approximately $806,000 for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008.  This increase was due to higher accounts receivable and inventory.  Inventory reserves are established for obsolete inventory, excess inventory quantities based on our estimate of net realizable value and for lower-of-cost or market.  We believe the inventory reserve, after its assessment of obsolete inventory, at December 31, 2008, of $49,043 will be adequate for excess inventory and a lower of cost-or-market analysis.   Accounts receivable, inventory, prepaid expenses and other assets decreased approximately $930,000 for the twelve months ended December 31, 2007.   Accounts payable, accrued expenses and customer deposits increased approximately $722,000 during 2008.  The increase was due primarily to customer deposits received.  Accounts payable, accrued expenses and customer deposits decreased approximately $619,000 during 2007.
 
Cash of approximately $140,000 and $288,000 was used for investing activities for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.  The amounts invested were used to purchase machinery and equipment for increased production capacity, new product lines and leasehold improvements for the facility.  Proceeds on sale of equipment totaled $2,000 and $19,220 during 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Cash of approximately $100,000 was used for financing activities during the twelve months ended December 31, 2008.  Cash payments to third parties for capital lease obligations approximated $537,000.  Proceeds received from the exercise of common stock warrants were approximately $68,000.  Proceeds received from the exercise of common stock options were $10,250.  Cash payments for services provided for the registration of common stock were approximately $17,000.  A cash payment related to Series B preferred stock dividend was approximately $25,000.  Proceeds received from The Ohio Department of Development were $400,000.  We incurred new capital lease obligations of approximately $339,000 for new production equipment during 2008.  We obtained additional lease commitments of approximately $468,000 for production equipment that should be placed in service during the first quarter of 2009.

Cash of approximately $173,000 was used for financing activities during the twelve months ended December 31, 2007.  Principal payments to third parties for capital lease obligations approximated $178,000, and cash payments for services provided for the registration of common stock were approximately $32,000.  Proceeds received from the exercise of common stock options were $9,625.  Proceeds received from the exercise of common stock warrants were approximately $27,000.  We incurred new capital lease obligations of approximately $1,067,000 for new production equipment during 2007.
 
 
15

 

While certain of our major shareholders have advanced funds in the form of subordinated debt, accounts payable and guaranteeing bank debt in the past, there is no commitment by these individuals to continue funding us or guaranteeing bank debt in the future.  We will continue to seek new financing or equity financing arrangements.  However, we cannot be certain that it will be successful in efforts to raise additional new funds.

Inflation

We believe that there has not been a significant impact from inflation on our operations during the past three fiscal years.

Future Operating Results

We plan to place some of our larger purchase commitments for raw materials on an annualized basis because they can be purchased in larger quantities at reduced prices.  In general, we attempt to limit inventory price increases by making an annual commitment, and drawing the material either as required, or on a monthly or quarterly basis.  Such annual commitments may reach $500,000 in 2009 and greater in 2010 depending on sales volume increases.  The terms of payment for such commitments are worked out with the vendor on a case-by-case basis, but in all cases are cancelable at our discretion without penalty.

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

This document contains forward-looking statements that reflect the views of management with respect to future events and financial performance.  These forward-looking statements are subject to certain uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from such statements.  See “Risk Factors” above.  These uncertainties and other factors include, but are not limited to, the words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “plans,” “projects,” “targets” and similar expressions which identify forward-looking statements.  You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date the statements were made.  We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements.

ITEM 7A.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

Not applicable

ITEM 8.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.

          Our balance sheets as of December 31, 2008 and 2007 the related statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, together with the independent certified public accountants’ report thereon appear beginning on Page F-1.

ITEM 9.
CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE.
None.

ITEM 9A.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Based on an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that the our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as  amended ("Exchange Act") were effective as of December 31, 2008 to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports that are filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
 
16

 

Inherent Limitations Over Internal Controls

              Our internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Our internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets;  (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted  accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that our internal controls will prevent or detect all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of internal controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. Also, any evaluation of the effectiveness of controls in future periods are subject to the risk that those internal controls may become inadequate because of changes in business conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Management's Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended). Management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria set forth in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission ("COSO"). Based on this evaluation, management has concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2008.

Additionally, there were no changes in our internal controls that could materially affect the disclosure controls and procedures subsequent to the date of their evaluation, nor were there any material deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal controls.  As a result, no corrective actions were required or undertaken.

ITEM 9B.
OTHER INFORMATION

None.

PART III

ITEM 10.
DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT.

The information required by this item is included under the captions, “ Election of Directors ,” “ Executive Officers ” and “ Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance ” in our proxy statement relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders scheduled to be held on June 10, 2009, and is incorporated herein by reference.

We have a Business Conduct Policy applicable to all employees of SCI.  Additionally, the Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") and all senior financial officers, including the principal financial officer, the principal accounting officer or controller, or any person performing a similar function (collectively, the "Senior Financial Officers") are bound by the provisions of our code of ethics relating to ethical conduct, conflicts of interest, and compliance with the law.  The code of ethics is posted on our website at http://www.sciengineeredmaterials.com/investors /main/corpgov.htm.

We intend to satisfy the disclosure requirement under Item 10 of Form 8-K regarding any amendment to, waiver of, any provision of this code of ethics by posting such information on our website at the address and location specified above.
 
 
17

 

ITEM 11.
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION.

The information required by this item is included under the caption “ Executive Compensation ” in our proxy statement relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders scheduled to be held on June 10, 2009, and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 12.
SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS.

The information required by this item is included under the captions “ Ownership of Common Stock by Directors and Executive Officers” and “ Ownership of Common Stock by Principal Shareholders ” in our proxy statement relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders scheduled to be held on June 10, 2009, and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 13.
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS.

The information required by this item is included under the caption “ Certain Relationships and Related Transactions ” in our proxy statement relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders scheduled to be held on June 10, 2009, and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 14.
PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES.

The information required by this item is included under the caption “ Fees of the Registered independent public accounting firm for the year ended December 31, 2008” in our proxy statement relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders scheduled to be held on June 10, 2009, and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 15. 
EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES.
 
Exhibit
 
Exhibit
Number
 
Description
     
3(a)
 
Certificate of Second Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of Superconductive Components, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(a) to the Company’s initial Form 10-SB, filed on September 28, 2000)
     
3(b)
 
Restated Code of Regulations of Superconductive Components, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(b) to the Company’s initial Form 10-SB, filed on September 28, 2000)
     
3(c)
 
Amendment to Articles of Incorporation recording the change of the corporate name to SCI Engineered Materials, Inc.  (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-QSB filed November 7, 2007).
     
4(a)
 
Superconductive Components, Inc. 2006 Stock Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Company’s Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2006 Annual Meeting of Shareholders held on June 9, 2006, filed May 1, 2006).
     
4(b)
 
Description of the Material Terms of the Stock Option Grant and Cash Bonus Plan for Executive Officers (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, dated June 19, 2006, filed June 23, 2006)
     
4(c)
 
Form of Incentive Stock Option Agreement under the Superconductive Components, Inc. 2006 Stock Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 19, 2006, filed June 23, 2006).
 
18

 
4(d)
 
Form of Non-Statutory Stock Option Agreement under the Superconductive Components, Inc. 2006 Stock Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 19, 2006, filed June 23, 2006).
     
4(e)
 
Description of the Material Terms of the Stock Option Grant for Executive Officers and Board of Directors (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 2, 2009, filed January 6, 2009).
     
10(a)
 
Employment Agreement entered into as of February 26, 2002, between Daniel Rooney and the Company (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(a) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
     
10(b)
 
Lease Agreement between Superconductive Components, Inc. and Duke Realty Ohio dated as of September 29, 2003, with Letter of Understanding dated February 17, 2004 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(a) to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-QSB, filed on March 31, 2004)
     
10(c)
 
Fourth Amended and Restated 1995 Stock Option Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4(a) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (Registration No. 333-97583), filed on August 2, 2002)
     
10(d)
 
License Agreement with Sandia Corporation dated February 26, 1996 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(f) to the Company’s Form 10-SB Amendment No. 1, filed on January 3, 2001)
     
10(e)
 
Nonexclusive License with The University of Chicago (as Operator of Argonne National Laboratory) dated October 12, 1995 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(g) to the Company’s Form 10-SB Amendment No. 1, filed on January 3, 2001)
     
10(f)
 
Nonexclusive License with The University of Chicago (as Operator of Argonne National Laboratory) dated October 12, 1995 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(h) to the Company’s Form 10-SB Amendment No. 1, filed on January 3, 2001)
     
10(g)
 
Ohio Department of Development Third Frontier Action Fund Award dated February 20, 2004 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(o) to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB, filed on March 30, 2004)
     
10(h)
 
Description of the Material Terms of the Superconductive Components, Inc. 2005 Executive Bonus Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on April 20, 2005)
     
10(i)
 
Form of Non-Statutory Stock Option Agreement Under the Superconductive Components, Inc. Fourth Amended and Restated 1995 Stock Option Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on December 22, 2005)
     
10(j)
 
Department of Energy Award dated July 21, 2005 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(k) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
 
19

 
10(k)
 
Subscription Agreement between the Company and the Estate of Edward R. Funk, dated October 14, 2005 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(o) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
     
10(l)
 
Subscription Agreement between the Company and the Estate of Ingeborg V. Funk, dated October 14, 2005 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(p) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
     
10(m)
 
Subscription Agreement between the Company and Robert H. Peitz, dated October 14, 2005 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(q) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
     
10(n)
 
Warrant to purchase common stock of Superconductive Components, Inc. issued to the Estate of Edward R. Funk, dated October 19, 2005 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(r) to the Company’s Registration Statement Form on SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
     
10(o)
 
Warrant to purchase common stock of Superconductive Components, Inc. issued to the Estate of Ingeborg V. Funk, dated October 19, 2005 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(s) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
     
10(p)
 
Warrant to purchase common stock of Superconductive Components, Inc. issued to Robert H. Peitz, effective October 19, 2005 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(t) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
     
10(q)
 
Conversion Agreement between the Company and the Estate of Edward R. Funk, dated October 14, 2005 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(u) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
     
10(r)
 
Conversion Agreement between the Company and the Estate of Ingeborg V. Funk, dated October 14, 2005 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(v) to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-131605), filed on February 6, 2006, and amended by Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 filed March 23, 2006)
     
10(s)
 
Description of purchase order received from an existing customer (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed January 24, 2007).
     
10(t)
 
Ohio Department of Development Third Frontier Advanced Energy Program Award (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed December 16, 2008).
 
20


 
10(u)
 
Business Loan Agreement between the Company  and The Huntington National Bank, dated as of January 13, 2009 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed January 23, 2009).
     
99.1
 
Press Release dated February 26, 2009, entitled “SCI Engineered Materials, Inc., Reports Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2008 Results.”
 
23
 
*
 
Consent of Independent Registered Accounting Firm
         
24
 
*
 
Powers of Attorney.
         
31.1
 
*
 
 Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Principal Executive Officer.
         
31.2
 
*
 
 Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Principal Financial Officer.
         
32.1
 
*
 
 Section 1350 Certification of Principal Executive Officer.
         
32.2
 
*
 
Section 1350 Certification of Principal Financial Officer.
_____________
*  Filed herewith
 
 
21

 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
     
Date:  February 26, 2009
By:
/s/ Daniel Rooney
   
Daniel Rooney, Chairman of the Board of
Directors, President and Chief Executive Officer

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities indicated on the 26 th day of February 2009.

Signature
 
Title
     
/s/ Daniel Rooney
 
Chairman of the Board of Directors, President, and
   
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
(principal executive officer)  
     
/s/ Gerald S. Blaskie
 
Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Gerald S. Blaskie
 
(principal financial officer and principal accounting
officer)
     
Robert J. Baker*
 
Director
Robert J. Baker
   
     
Edward W. Ungar*
 
Director
Edward W. Ungar
   
     
Robert H. Peitz*
 
Director
Robert H. Peitz
   
     
Walter J. Doyle*
 
Director
Walter J. Doyle
   
 
*By: 
     /s/ Daniel Rooney
 
 Daniel Rooney, Attorney-in-Fact
 
 
22

 
 
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

   
Page
     
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
F-1
     
Balance Sheets
 
F-2
     
Statements of Operations
 
F-4
     
Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
 
F-5
     
Statements of Cash Flows
 
F-6
     
Notes to Financial Statements
 
F-8
 

 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders
SCI Engineered Materials, Inc.
Columbus, Ohio

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of SCI Engineered Materials, Inc. as of December 31, 2008 and 2007, and the related statements of operations, shareholders' equity and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2008.  These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting.  Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.  An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements.  An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of SCI Engineered Materials, Inc. as of December 31, 2008 and 2007, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2008 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 
/s/ MALONEY + NOVOTNY LLC
Canton, Ohio
February 26, 2009
 
F-1

 
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

DECEMBER 31, 2008 AND 2007

ASSETS

   
2008
   
2007
 
             
Current Assets
           
Cash
  $ 1,399,050     $ 1,182,086  
Accounts receivable
               
Trade, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $24,700
    464,016       219,222  
Contract
    109,717       65,954  
Other
    3,423       550  
Inventories
    1,264,433       756,999  
Prepaid expenses
    42,562       21,148  
Total current assets
    3,283,201       2,245,959  
                 
Property and Equipment, at cost                 
Machinery and equipment
    4,192,516       3,386,778  
Furniture and fixtures
    107,998       74,222  
Leasehold improvements
    313,951       301,551  
Construction in progress
    144,682       599,753  
      4,759,147       4,362,304  
Less accumulated depreciation
    (2,469,030 )     (2,185,277 )
      2,290,117       2,177,027  
Other Assets
               
Deposits
    29,002       18,639  
Intangibles
    34,254       29,202  
Total other assets
    63,256       47,841  
                 
TOTAL ASSETS
  $ 5,636,574     $ 4,470,827  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 
F-2

 

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

DECEMBER 31, 2008 AND 2007

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

   
2008
   
2007
 
             
Current Liabilities
           
Capital lease obligation, current portion
  $ 285,408     $ 259,714  
Note payable, current portion
    20,386       -  
Accounts payable
    249,309       160,468  
Accrued contract expenses
    52,525       47,702  
Customer deposits
    700,118       19,483  
Accrued compensation
    94,167       138,190  
Accrued expenses and other
    94,928       100,184  
Total current liabilities
    1,496,841       725,741  
                 
Capital lease obligation, net of current portion
    622,769       846,433  
Note payable, net of current portion
    379,614       -  
Total liabilities
    2,499,224       1,572,174  
                 
Commitments and contingencies
    -       -  
                 
Shareholders' Equity
               
Convertible preferred stock, Series B, 10% cumulative, nonvoting no par value, $10 stated value, optional redemption at 103%; 24,430 and 24,566 issued and outstanding respectively
    373,647       375,861  
Common stock, no par value, authorized 15,000,000 shares; 3,560,259 and 3,474,338 shares issued and outstanding respectively
    9,180,183       9,061,378  
Additional paid-in capital
    985,396       987,840  
Accumulated deficit
    (7,401,876 )     (7,526,426 )
      3,137,350       2,898,653  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
  $ 5,636,574     $ 4,470,827  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 
F-3

 

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2008 AND 2007

   
2008
   
2007
 
             
TOTAL REVENUE
  $ 9,619,895     $ 10,832,682  
                 
TOTAL COST OF REVENUE
    7,408,418       8,774,859  
                 
GROSS PROFIT
    2,211,477       2,057,823  
                 
GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE
    966,979       884,771  
                 
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENSE
    454,424       368,971  
                 
MARKETING AND SALES EXPENSE
    587,202       457,689  
                 
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS
    202,872       346,392  
                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
               
Interest income
    24,271       64,600  
Interest expense
    (102,763 )     (79,788 )
Gain on sale of equipment
    2,000       3,287  
Miscellaneous, net
    (1,830 )     (1,830 )
      (78,322 )     (13,731 )
                 
INCOME BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAX
    124,550       332,661  
                 
INCOME TAX EXPENSE
    -       -  
                 
NET INCOME
    124,550       332,661  
                 
DIVIDENDS ON PREFERRED STOCK
    (24,373 )     (24,979 )
                 
INCOME APPLICABLE TO COMMON SHARES
  $ 100,177     $ 307,682  
                 
EARNINGS PER SHARE - BASIC AND DILUTED
               
  (Note 2)
               
                 
NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE BEFORE DIVIDENDS ON PREFERRED STOCK
               
Basic
  $ 0.04     $ 0.10  
Diluted
  $ 0.03     $ 0.08  
                 
NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE AFTER DIVIDENDS ON PREFERRED STOCK
               
Basic
  $ 0.03     $ 0.09  
Diluted
  $ 0.02     $ 0.07  
                 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING
               
Basic
    3,530,486       3,461,374  
Diluted
    4,035,065       4,217,936  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
 
 
F-4

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2008 AND 2007

   
Convertible
         
Additional
             
   
Preferred Stock,
   
Common
   
Paid-In
   
Accumulated
       
   
Series B
   
Stock
   
Capital
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
Balance 12/31/06
  $ 360,146     $ 9,007,817     $ 995,586     $ (7,859,087 )   $ 2,504,462  
                                         
Accretion of cumulative dividends
    24,979       -       (24,979 )     -       -  
                                         
Common stock conversion from preferred stock (Note 5)
    (9,264 )     9,264       -       -       -  
                                         
Stock based compensation expense (Note 2H)
    -       -       17,233       -       17,233  
                                         
Proceeds from exercise of stock warrants (Note 5)
    -       26,909       -       -       26,909  
                                         
Proceeds from exercise of stock options (Note 5)
    -       9,625       -       -       9,625  
                                         
Private placement and SB-2 registration
    -       (32,255 )     -       -       (32,255 )
                                         
Common stock issued
    -       40,018       -       -       40,018  
                                         
Net income
    -       -       -       332,661       332,661  
                                         
Balance 12/31/07
  $ 375,861     $ 9,061,378     $ 987,840     $ (7,526,426 )   $ 2,898,653  
                                         
Accretion of cumulative dividends
    24,373       -       (24,373 )     -       -  
                                         
Common stock conversion from preferred stock (Note 5)
    (2,021 )     2,021       -       -       -  
                                         
Stock based compensation expense (Note 2H)
    -       -       21,929       -       21,929  
                                         
Proceeds from exercise of stock warrants (Note 5)
    -       68,021       -       -       68,021  
                                         
Proceeds from exercise of stock options (Note 5)
    -       10,250       -       -       10,250  
                                         
Private placement and SB-2 registration
    -       (16,906 )     -       -       (16,906 )
                                         
Common stock issued
    -       55,419       -       -       55,419  
                                         
Payment of cumulative dividends
    (24,566 )     -       -       -       (24,566 )
                                         
Net income
    -       -       -       124,550       124,550  
                                         
Balance 12/31/08
  $ 373,647     $ 9,180,183     $ 985,396     $ (7,401,876 )   $ 3,137,350  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 
F-5

 

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2008 AND 2007

   
2008
   
2007
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
           
  Net income
  $ 124,550     $ 332,661  
  Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
    Depreciation and accretion
    371,125       289,096  
    Amortization
    3,088       3,089  
    Stock based compensation
    77,348       57,251  
    Gain on sale of equipment
    (2,000 )     (3,287 )
    Increase (decrease) in inventory reserve
    (33,116 )     6,296  
    Changes in allowance for doubtful accounts
    -       (300 )
    Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
      (Increase) decrease in assets:
               
        Accounts receivable
    (291,430 )     207,280  
        Inventories
    (474,318 )     426,437  
        Prepaid expenses
    (21,414 )     26,318  
        Other assets
    (18,503 )     269,780  
      Increase (decrease) in liabilities:
               
        Accounts payable
    88,841       (136,693 )
        Accrued expenses and customer deposits
    632,867       (482,586 )
          Total adjustments
    332,488       662,681  
              Net cash provided by operating activities
    457,038       995,342  
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
               
  Proceeds on sale of equipment
    2,000       19,220  
  Purchases of property and equipment
    (142,332 )     (307,589 )
              Net cash used in investing activities
    (140,332 )     (288,369 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
               
  Proceeds from exercise of common stock options
    10,250       9,625  
  Proceeds from exercise of common stock warrants
    68,021       26,909  
  Proceeds from note payable
    400,000       -  
  Payment for accumulated dividends on preferred stock
    (24,566 )     -  
  Payments related to registration of common stock
    (16,906 )     (32,255 )
  Principal payments on capital lease obligations
    (536,541 )     (177,660 )
              Net cash used in financing activities
    (99,742 )     (173,381 )

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 
F-6

 

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)

YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2008 AND 2007

   
2008
   
2007
 
NET INCREASE IN CASH
  $ 216,964     $ 533,592  
                 
CASH - Beginning of period
    1,182,086       648,494  
                 
CASH - End of period
  $ 1,399,050     $ 1,182,086  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
               
  Cash paid during the years for:
               
    Interest, net
  $ 102,763     $ 79,788  
    Income taxes
  $ -     $ -  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF NONCASH FINANCING ACTIVITIES
               
                 
  Property and equipment purchased by capital lease
  $ 338,571     $ 1,067,315  
                 
  Property and equipment accrued asset retirement obligation increase
  $ 3,312     $ 3,312  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF NONCASH OPERATING ACTIVITIES
               
                 
  Stock based compensation expense
  $ 77,348     $ 57,251  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 
F-7

 
 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1. 
Business Organization and Purpose

SCI Engineered Materials, Inc. (“SCI” or the “Company”), formerly Superconductive Components, Inc., an Ohio corporation, was incorporated in 1987.  The Company manufactures ceramic and metal sputtering targets for a variety of industrial applications including: Photonics, Thin Film Solar, Thin Film Battery, Semiconductor, and, to a lesser extent High Temperature Superconductive (HTS) materials.  Photonics currently represents the Company’s largest market for its targets.  Thin Film Solar is an industry that is exhibiting rapid growth.  Thin Film Battery is a developing market where manufacturers of batteries use the Company’s targets to produce very small power supplies with small quantities of stored energy.  Semiconductor is a developing market.
  
Note 2. 
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 
A.
Inventories - Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market on an acquired or internally produced lot basis, and consist of raw materials, work-in-process and finished goods.  Cost includes material, labor, freight and applied overhead.  Inventory reserves are established for obsolete inventory and excess inventory quantities based on management’s estimate of net realizable value.  The inventory reserve decreased $33,116 during 2008 and increased $6,296 during 2007.

The Company enters into cancelable purchase commitment arrangements with some suppliers.  Estimated purchase commitments to these suppliers approximate $237,000 and $122,000 at December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.  The Company can cancel these commitments at the Company’s discretion without penalty.

B.
Property and Equipment - Property and equipment are carried at cost.  Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method based on the estimated useful lives of the assets for financial reporting purposes and allowable accelerated methods for tax purposes.  Useful lives range from ten years on certain furniture and fixtures and leasehold improvements to three years on computer equipment.  Depreciation expense totaled $367,812 and $285,784 for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.  Expenditures for renewals and betterments are capitalized and expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to operations as incurred.  Construction in process at December 31, 2008, consists primarily of two pieces of equipment that will be placed in service in the first quarter of 2009 at a total cost of approximately $150,000. Construction in process at December 31, 2007, consists primarily of a piece of equipment that was placed in service in January 2008 at a total cost of approximately $550,000.

 
Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.  If the fair value is less than the carrying amount of the asset, a loss is recognized for the difference.  There have been no such impairment adjustments.

C.
Research and Development - Research and development costs are expensed as incurred.  Research and development expenses for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 were $454,424 and $368,971, respectively.  The increase was due to an increase in staff and continued development of efforts associated with applications in Photonic, Thin Film Solar, Thin Film Battery and Semiconductor markets as well as research related to Small Business Innovation Research projects.
 
F-8

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 2. 
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 
D.
Equipment - In 2004, the Company received funds of $517,935 from the Ohio Department of Development’s Third Frontier Action Fund (TFAF) for the purchase of equipment related to the grant’s purpose.  In a separate contract with the Department of Energy the Company received $27,500 for the purchase of equipment related to the contract’s purpose.  The Company has elected to record the funds disbursed as a contra asset; therefore, the assets are not reflected in the Company’s financial statements.  As assets were purchased, the liability initially created when the cash was received was reduced with no revenue recognized or fixed asset recorded on the balance sheet.  As of December 31, 2008, the Company had disbursed the entire amount received.  The grant and contract both provide that as long as the Company performs in compliance with the grant/contract, the Company retains the rights to the equipment.  Management states that the Company will be in compliance with the requirements and, therefore, will retain the equipment at the end of the grant/contract in 2009.

 
E.
Licenses - The Company has secured licenses to produce various superconductive materials for periods up to the expiration of the applicable patents.  The license fees, included in “Other Assets” on the balance sheet, are being amortized over the expected life of the agreement or applicable patent, which is seventeen years.  Cost and accumulated amortization of licenses at December 31, 2008 were $21,000 and $16,489, respectively.  Cost and accumulated amortization of licenses at December 31, 2007 were $21,000 and $15,230, respectively.  Amortization expense was $1,259 for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007.  Amortization expense is estimated to be $1,259 for each of the next three years and $734 in 2012.

 
F.
Patent - The Company has secured patents for manufacturing processes used in its operations.  Costs incurred to secure the patents have been capitalized, included in “Other Assets” on the balance sheet, and are being amortized over the life of the patents.  Cost and accumulated amortization of the patents at December 31, 2008 were $46,009 and $16,266 respectively.  Cost and accumulated amortization of the patents at December 31, 2007 were $37,689 and $14,437 respectively.  Amortization expense was $1,830 for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007.  Amortization expense is estimated to be at least $2,300 for each of the next five years due to the amortization of an additional patent which had cost at December 31, 2008 and was applied for in January 2009.

 
G.
Income Taxes - Income taxes are provided for by utilizing the asset and liability method which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities using presently enacted tax rates.  Deferred tax assets are recognized for net operating loss carryforwards, reduced by a valuation allowance which   is established when “it is more likely than not” that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be recognized.
 
F-9

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 2. 
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)
 
 
H.
Stock Based Compensation - In December 2004, the FASB issued SFAS 123 (Revised), “Shared Based Payment” (SFAS 123R).  SFAS 123R replaced SFAS 123, and superseded APB Opinion No. 25.  Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS 123R and related interpretations using the modified-prospective transition method.  Under this method, compensation cost recognized in 2008 and 2007 includes compensation cost for all stock-based awards granted on or subsequent to January 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of SFAS 123R.

 
For the twelve months ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, there was $77,348 and $57,251 respectively, of stock based compensation cost included in the determination of net income as reported.  Expense includes $55,419 in common stock issued to directors and two officers during 2008.  The 2007 expense includes $40,018 in common stock issued to directors.

I.
Net Income Per Common Share - Net income per common share amounts are based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding.

 
J
.
Statements of Cash Flows - For purposes of the statements of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with maturity of three months or less to be cash.  No such investments were purchased.

K.
Concentrations of Credit Risk - The Company’s cash balances, which are at times in excess of federally insured levels, are maintained at a large regional bank and a global investment banking group, and are continually monitored to minimize the risk of loss.  The Company grants credit to most customers, who are varied in terms of size, geographic location and financial strength. Customer balances are continually monitored to minimize the risk of loss.

 
The Company had four major customers in 2008 and 2007, which accounted for revenue of approximately $7,000,000 and $9,100,000, respectively. These customers totaled approximately $210,000 and $120,000 of the trade accounts receivable at December 31, 2008 and 2007  respectively. The largest customer represented approximately 47% of total revenues in 2008 and over 50% of total revenues in 2007.

 
L
.
Use of Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 
M.
Fair Value - The estimated fair value of amounts reported in the financial statements have been determined using available market information and valuation methodologies, as applicable (see Note 11).
 
F-10

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 2. 
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)
 
 N.
Revenue Recognition - Revenue from product sales is recognized upon shipment to customers.  Provisions for discounts and rework costs for returns are established when products are shipped based on historical experience.  Customer deposits represent cash received in advance of revenue earned.  Revenue from contract research provided for third parties is recognized on the percentage of completion method.

O.
Accounts Receivable - The Company extends unsecured credit to customers under normal trade agreements, which require payment within 30 days.  Accounts greater than 90 days past due, which amounted to $0 as of December 31, 2008 and 2007, are considered delinquent.  The Company does not charge interest on delinquent trade accounts receivable.  Accounts greater than one year past due are placed on non-accrual status.  Unless specified by the customer, payments are applied to the oldest unpaid invoice.  Accounts receivable are presented at the amount billed.

Management estimates an allowance for doubtful accounts, which was $24,700 as of December 31, 2008 and 2007.  The estimate is based upon management’s review of delinquent accounts and an assessment of the Company’s historical evidence of collections.  Bad debt expense was $0 for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007. Specific accounts are charged directly to the reserve when management obtains evidence of a customer’s insolvency or otherwise determines that the account is uncollectible.  Charge-offs of specific accounts for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 totaled $0 each year.

P.
Intangible Assets - The Company accounts for Intangible Assets in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” (“SFAS 142”).  SFAS 142 requires certain intangible assets to be tested for impairment under certain circumstances, and written off when impaired, rather than being amortized as previous standards required.  There were no impairment adjustments for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007.
 
F-11

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 2. 
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)
 
 
Q. 
Recently Issued Accounting Standards -

Fair Value Measurements   - In September 2006, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 157 (“SFAS 157”), “Fair Value Measurements”, effective for the Company beginning on January 1, 2008. This Statement defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This statement establishes a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between valuations obtained from sources independent of the entity and those from the entity’s own unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by observable market data. SFAS 157 expands disclosures about the use of fair value to measure assets and liabilities in interim and annual periods subsequent to initial recognition. The disclosures focus on the inputs used to measure fair value and for recurring fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs, the effect of the measurements on earnings or changes in net assets for the period. The Company adopted SFAS 157 on January 1, 2008 and it did not have a material impact on the financial statements.  The Company has deferred the application of SFAS No. 157 related to non-financial assets and liabilities.

Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities   - In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 159 (“SFAS 159”), “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities”, effective for the Company beginning on January 1, 2008. This Statement provides entities with an option to report selected financial assets and liabilities at fair value, with the objective to reduce both the complexity in accounting for financial instruments and the volatility in earnings caused by measuring related assets and liabilities differently.  Adoption on January 1, 2008 did not have a material effect on the Company since the Company did not elect to measure any financial assets or liabilities at fair value.

In June 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Financial Interpretation (FIN) No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an Interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109.” FIN No. 48 addresses the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes.” FIN No. 48 prescribes specific criteria for the financial statement recognition and measurement of the tax effects of a position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. This interpretation also provides guidance on de-recognition of previously recognized tax benefits, classification of tax liabilities on the balance sheet, recording interest and penalties on tax underpayments, accounting in interim periods, and disclosure requirements.

The Company adopted the provisions of FIN No. 48 on January 1, 2007. The implementation of FIN No. 48 did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements. The Company has net operating loss carry forwards (NOLS) and a valuation allowance to offset any tax effects. The Company has no unrecognized tax benefits and therefore, there is no anticipated effect on the Company’s effective tax rate. Any tax penalties or interest expense will be recognized in income tax expense. No interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits were accrued at December 31, 2007 and 2008.
 
F-12

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 2. 
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

The Company is open to federal and state tax audits until the applicable statute of limitations expire. There are currently no federal or state income tax examinations underway for the Company. The tax years 2005 through 2008 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions in which we operate, although no material changes to unrecognized tax positions are expected within the next twelve months. The Company does, however, have prior year net operating losses which remain open for examination.
 
Note 3. 
Inventories

Inventories consist of the following at December 31:

   
2008
   
2007
 
Raw materials
  $ 299,750     $ 392,937  
Work-in-process
    754,097       205,528  
Finished goods
    259,629       240,693  
      1,313,476       839,158  
Less reserve for obsolete inventory
    49,043       82,159  
                 
    $ 1,264,433     $ 756,999  

Note 4.
Lease Obligations

 
Operating

 
The Company leases its facilities and certain office equipment under agreements classified as operating leases expiring through 2014.  Rent expense which includes various monthly rentals for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, totaled $141,798 and $145,514, respectively.  Future minimum lease payments at December 31, 2008 are as follows:

2009
  $ 113,578  
2010
    109,146  
2011
    109,146  
2012
    108,484  
2013
    108,484  
2014 and beyond
    67,949  
    $ 616,787  
 
F-13

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 4.
Lease Obligations (continued)

 
Capital

 
The Company also leases certain equipment under capital leases.  The future minimum lease payment, by year, with the present value of such payments, as of December 31, 2008 is as follows:

2009
  $ 345,826  
2010
    293,754  
2011
    269,670  
2012
    101,636  
2013
    14,720  
Total minimum lease payments
    1,025,606  
Less amount representing interest
    117,429  
Present value of minimum lease payments
    908,177  
Less current portion
    285,408  
Long-term capital lease obligations
  $ 622,769  

The equipment under capital lease at December 31 is included in the accompanying balance sheet under the following captions:

   
2008
   
2007
 
Machinery and equipment
  $ 1,544,263     $ 1,342,273  
Less accumulated depreciation
    328,182       154,813  
Net book value
  $ 1,216,081     $ 1,187,460  
 
These assets are amortized over three to ten years using the straight-line method and amortization is included in depreciation expense.

Note 5. 
Common and Preferred Stock

Common Stock

In 2008, proceeds of $10,250 were received from the exercising of 7,500 options.  The exercise price for these options ranged from $1.00 to $1.50.  Proceeds from 68,021 warrants exercised were $68,021.

6,000 stock options were exercised during 2007 resulting in proceeds of $9,625.  The exercise price for these options ranged from $1.50 to $2.125.  Proceeds from 26,909 warrants exercised were $26,909.
 
F-14

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 5. 
Common and Preferred Stock (continued)

Preferred Stock

Shares of preferred stock authorized at December 31, 2008 and 2007 and outstanding at December 31, 2008 were as follows:

   
Shares
   
Shares
 
   
Authorized
   
Outstanding
 
Cumulative Preferred Stock
    10,000       -  
                 
Voting Preferred Stock
    125,000       -  
                 
Non-Voting Preferred Stock
    125,000 (a)     24,430 (b)

 
(a)
Includes 700 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and 100,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock authorized for issuance.

 
(b)
 Series B Preferred Stock outstanding at December 31, 2007 was 24,566 shares.

Shareholders converted 136 shares of Series B Preferred Stock into 272 shares of common stock during 2008.  A shareholder converted 619 shares of Series B Preferred Stock into 1,238 shares of common stock in 2007.

In June 1995, the Company completed an offering of 215 shares of $1,000 stated value 1995 Series A 10% non-voting convertible preferred stock.  In January 1996, the Company completed an offering of 70,000 shares of $10 stated value 1995 Series B 10% non-voting convertible preferred stock.  The Series A shares are convertible to common shares at the rate of $6.00 per share and Series B shares at the rate of $5.00 per share.  At the Company’s option, Series A and Series B shares are redeemable at 103% of the stated value plus the amount of any accrued and unpaid cash dividends.

The Company redeemed the Series A preferred stock in 2003.  During 2008, a Series B cash dividend of $24,566 was paid to shareholders of record as of December 31, 2007.  During 2007 no Series B cash dividend was paid.   At December 31, 2008 and 2007 the Company had accrued dividends on Series B preferred stock of $122,018 and $122,830, respectively.  These amounts are included in convertible preferred stock, Series B on the balance sheet at December 31, 2008 and 2007.

Earnings Per Share

 
Basic income per share is calculated as income available to common stockholders divided by the weighted average of common shares outstanding.  Diluted earnings per share is calculated as diluted income available to common stockholders divided by the diluted weighted average number of common shares.  Diluted weighted average number of common shares has been calculated using the treasury stock method for Common Stock equivalents, which includes Common Stock issuable pursuant to stock options and Common Stock warrants.
 
F-15

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 5. 
Common and Preferred Stock (continued)

 
Following is a summary of preferred stock, Series B, employee and director stock options and warrants, at December 31, 2008 and 2007.

   
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
 
Options
    596,250       584,250  
Warrants
    557,057       625,078  
Preferred Series B
    24,430       24,566  
      1,177,737       1,233,894  

 
The following is provided to reconcile the earnings per share calculations:

   
2008
   
2007
 
             
Income applicable to common shares
  $ 100,177     $ 307,682  
                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic
    3,530,486       3,461,374  
                 
Effect of dilutions - stock options and warrants
    504,579       756,562  
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
    4,035,065       4,217,936  

Note 6. 
Stock Option Plans

On June 9, 2006, shareholders approved the Superconductive Components, Inc. 2006 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2006 Plan”), which replaced the 1995 Stock Option Plan (“the 1995 Plan”).  The Company adopted the 2006 Plan as incentive to key employees, directors and consultants under which options to purchase up to 600,000 shares of the Company’s common stock may be granted, subject to the execution of stock option agreements.  Incentive stock options may be granted to key employees of the Company and non-statutory options may be granted to directors who are not employees and to consultants and advisors who render services to the Company.  Options may be exercised for periods up to 10 years from the date of grant at prices not less than 100% of fair market value on the date of grant. As of December 31, 2008 there were 58,000 stock options outstanding from the 2006 Plan.  On September 29, 1995, the Company adopted the 1995 Stock Option Plan (the “1995 Plan”) as incentive to key employees, directors and consultants.  As of December 31, 2008 there were 538,250 stock options outstanding from the 1995 Plan, which expire at various dates through 2015. The Company adopted the 1995 Plan as incentive to key employees, directors and consultants under which options to purchase up to 900,000 shares of the Company’s common stock may be granted, subject to the execution of stock option agreements.
 
F-16

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 6. 
Stock Option Plans (continued)

The cumulative status at December 31, 2008 and 2007 of options granted and outstanding, as well as options which became exercisable in connection with the Stock Option Plans is summarized as follows:

Employee Stock Options

         
Weighted
 
         
Average
 
   
Stock Options
   
Exercise Price
 
             
Outstanding at December 31, 2006
    343,750     $ 2.09  
Granted
    -       -  
Expired
    -       -  
Forfeited
    (500 )     3.25  
Outstanding at December 31, 2007
    343,250     $ 2.08  
Granted
    21,000       3.10  
Exercised
    -       -  
Forfeited
    (1,500 )     3.10  
Outstanding at December 31, 2008
    362,750     $ 2.14  
Shares exercisable at December 31, 2007
    313,650     $ 1.97  
Shares exercisable at December 31, 2008
    321,050     $ 2.00  

Non-Employee Director Stock Options

         
Weighted
 
         
Average
 
   
Stock Options
   
Exercise Price
 
             
Outstanding at December 31, 2006
    247,000     $ 2.48  
Granted
    -       -  
Exercised
    (6,000 )     1.60  
Expired
    -       -  
Forfeited
    -       -  
Outstanding at December 31, 2007
    241,000       2.51  
Granted
    -       -  
Exercised
    (7,500 )     1.37  
Expired
    -       -  
Forfeited
    -       -  
Outstanding at December 31, 2008
    233,500     $ 2.54  
Shares exercisable at December 31, 2007
    241,000     $ 2.51  
Shares exercisable at December 31, 2008
    233,500     $ 2.54  
 
F-17

 
SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 6. 
Stock Option Plans (continued)

Exercise prices range from $1.00 to $4.00 for options at December 31, 2008 and 2007.  The weighted average option price for all options outstanding was $2.30 with a weighted average remaining contractual life of 4.6 years at December 31, 2008.  The weighted average option price for all options outstanding was $2.26 with a weighted average remaining contractual life of 5.4 years at December 31, 2007.
 
The weighted average fair values at date of grant for options granted during 2008 was $2.83 and was estimated using the Black-Scholes option valuation model with the following weighted average assumptions:

Expected life in years
    10.0  
Interest rate
    5 %
Volatility
    100.65 %
Dividend yield
    0 %

Note 7. 
Purchase Commitments

 
Equipment purchases commitments approximated $468,000 at December 31, 2008 and $159,000 at December 31, 2007.

In addition, estimated purchase commitments for inventories approximated $237,000 and $122,000 (see Note 2A) at December 31, 2008 and 2007.
 
F-18

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 8.
Note Payable

During the third quarter of 2006, the Company met with the Development Financing Advisory Council (DFAC) of the Ohio Department of Development (ODOD) and applied for a loan from the Innovation Ohio Loan Fund.   The Company was subsequently approved for a 166 Direct Loan from the ODOD in the amount of $400,000.  These funds were received in July of 2008.  The proceeds were used to reduce the balance on outstanding capital lease obligations.  The term of the loan is 84 months at an interest rate of 3%. There is also a one-quarter percent annual servicing fee to be charged monthly on the outstanding principal balance.  During each of the first 12 months the Company will make only monthly servicing fee and interest payments.  During months 13 through 84, the Company will make monthly servicing fee, interest and principal payments.  The loan principal balance will be fully amortized over the last 72 months.  The Note is secured by a Security Agreement granting the Lender a security interest in the project equipment.  The future minimum payment, year by year, with the present value of such payments, as of December 31, 2008, is as follows:
 
2009
  $ 33,303  
2010
    73,808  
2011
    73,649  
2012
    73,486  
2013
    73,319  
2014 and beyond
    121,811  
Total minimum note payments
    449,376  
Less amount representing interest
    49,376  
Present value of minimum note payments
    400,000  
Less current portion
    20,386  
Long-term note payable obligation
  $ 379,614  

Note  9.                Warrants Issued and Vested

The cumulative status at December 31, 2008 of warrants issued and vested is summarized as follows:

             
Issue
   
Expiration
   
Warrant
 
Issued
   
Vested
 
Consideration
 
Date
   
Date
   
Price
 
  150,000       150,000  
Subordinated Notes Payable
    01/2000       01/2010     $ 2.50 (a)
  122,918       122,918  
Private Equity Offering
    05/2004       05/2009       2.88 (b)
  17,500       17,500  
Consulting Services
    05/2004       05/2009       2.88 (b)
  20,000       20,000  
Revolving Promissory Note
    11/2004       11/2009       2.50 (b)
  246,639       246,639  
Private Equity Offering
    10/2005       10/2010       3.00 (b)

 
(a) 
– At fair market value.

 
(b) 
– Above fair market value.

 
F-19

 

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note  9.                Warrants Issued and Vested (continued)

The cumulative status at December 31, 2007 of warrants issued and vested is summarized as follows:

             
Issue
   
Expiration
   
Warrant
 
Issued
   
Vested
 
Consideration
 
Date
   
Date
   
Price
 
  150,000       150,000  
Subordinated Notes Payable
    01/2000       01/2010     $ 2.50 (c)
  148,302 (a)     58,021  
Convertible Promissory Note
    06/2003       06/2008       1.00 (d)
  10,000 (b)     10,000  
Lease Guarantee
    06/2003       06/2008       1.00 (d)
  122,918       122,918  
Private Equity Offering
    05/2004       05/2009       2.88 (d)
  17,500       17,500  
Consulting Services
    05/2004       05/2009       2.88 (d)
  20,000       20,000  
Revolving Promissory Note
    11/2004       11/2009       2.50 (d)
  246,639       246,639  
Private Equity Offering
    10/2005       10/2010       3.00 (d)

(a)  –  The Company issued 148,302 warrants to purchase common stock of the Company subject to vesting.  As a result of the conversion of the promissory notes on May 13, 2004, no additional vesting accrued and the number of shares of common stock issuable under the warrants was fixed at 84,930.  26,909 warrants were exercised in 2007.

(b) –   The Company issued 10,000 warrants to purchase common stock of the Company subject to vesting.  The warrants vested according to the following schedule: (i) 4,600 on the date of grant; and (ii) 5,400 vested at a rate of 150 per month for 36 months.

(c)  – At fair market value.

(d )–  Above fair market value.

 
F-20

 

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 10.
Income Taxes

Deferred tax assets and liabilities result from temporary differences in the recognition of income and expense for tax and financial reporting purposes.  Significant components of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities are as follows at December 31.

   
2008
   
2007
 
Deferred tax assets
           
NOL Carryforward
  $ 1,898,000     $ 2,173,000  
UNICAP
    22,000       12,000  
Allowance for doubtful accounts
    9,000       9,000  
Reserve for obsolete inventory
    19,000       31,000  
Property and equipment
    (109,000 )     (62,000 )
      1,839,000       2,163,000  
Valuation allowance
    1,839,000       2,163,000  
Net
  $ -     $ -  

A valuation allowance has been recorded against the realizability of the net deferred tax asset, such that no value is recorded for the asset in the accompanying financial statements.  The valuation allowance totaled $1,839,000 and $2,163,000 at December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

The Company has net operating loss carryovers available for federal and state tax purposes of approximately $5,000,000 and $5,700,000, at December 31, 2008 and 2007 respectively, which expire in varying amounts through 2026.

For the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, a reconciliation of the statutory rate and effective rate for the provisions for income taxes consists of the following:

   
Percentage
 
   
2008
   
2007
 
Federal statutory rate
    34.0       34.0  
Valuation allowance
    (34.0 )     (34.0 )
                 
Effective rate
    - %     - %

   
2008
   
2007
 
Current expense
  $ -     $ -  
Deferred expense:
               
NOL utilization/expiration
    (275,000 )     (69,000 )
Other temporary differences
    (49,000 )     (20,000 )
Change in valuation allowance
    324,000       89,000  
                 
Total
  $ -     $ -  
 
 
F-21

 

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 11.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The fair value of financial instruments represents the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price), and not the price that would be paid to acquire an asset or received to assume a liability (an entry price).  Significant differences can arise between the fair value and carrying amount of financial instruments that are recognized at historical cost amounts.

The following methods and assumptions were used by the Company in estimating fair value disclosures for financial instruments:

 
·
Cash and cash equivalents, short-term debt and current maturities of long-term debt:  Amounts reported in the balance sheet approximate fair market value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

 
·
Long-term capital lease obligations: Amounts reported in the balance sheet approximate fair value as the interest rates on these obligations range from 5.9% to 18.5%.

 
·
Long-term note payable obligation: Amount reported in the balance sheet approximates fair value as the interest rate on this obligation is subject to change from time to time based on changes in an independent index which is the LIBO rate.  The index at the inception of the note was 0.386% per annum.  The interest rate to be applied to the unpaid principal balance during this note will be at a rate of 3.500 percentage points over the index range.

Note 12.               Asset Retirement Obligation

Included in machinery and equipment is various production equipment, which per the Company’s building lease, is required to be removed upon termination of the lease.  Included in accrued expenses in the accompanying balance sheet is the asset retirement obligation that represents the expected present value of the liability to remove this equipment.  There are no assets that are legally restricted for purposes of settling this asset retirement obligation.

Following is a reconciliation of the aggregate retirement liability associated with the Company’s obligation to dismantle and remove the machinery and equipment associated with its lease.

Balance at December 31, 2006
  $ 5,722  
Increase in present value of the obligation (accretion expense in the corresponding amount charged against earnings)
    3,312  
         
Balance at December 31, 2007
  $ 9,034  
Increase in present value of the obligation (accretion expense in the corresponding amount charged against earnings)
    3,312  
         
Balance at December 31, 2008
  $ 12,346  
 
 
F-22